Julian Melchiorri tells us about his projects between design and science
Van Schijndel House, Utrecht - minimal style and plenty of natural light
The residence of architect passed away in 1999 - now open to the public - is a modern interpretation of traditional Dutch residential architecture.
On the background, the award-winning painted aluminum chair Fulfil. Designed by Van Schijndel in 1989, it is produced in different colors from 1996 by Lensvelt © Luuk Kramer
The center of Van Schijndel House has been designed as a “space-not space”, it acts simultaneously as living area, hall and lounge © Theo Baart
The amazing volumes in the central hall. The house was built in 1992 and it is now open to the public every first Sunday of the month © Imre Csány DAph
The color of the walls was created by Van Schijndel according to the way the walls were struck by natural light © Theo Baart
Van Schijndel House viewed from one of the two side yards. In the foreground the Sette outdoor chair, inspired by the zig-zag chair by Rietveld, with table © Jan Derwig
On the left. Double glass doors to courtyards are in the corners - the architect studied an ingenious system allowing the opening despite the angle of intersection is less than 90 degrees. On the right. Bookcase, kitchen and all furniture were designed by Van Schijndel, renowned designer and architect. He designed also the hall of the Centraal Museum in Utrecht © Imre Csány DAph
The house's triangular hall is wedged between the two courtyards; according to the architect its function is to create an empty space © Imre Csány DAph
Van Schijndel was an architect and designer - he designed the famous Delta Vaas, visible on the piano © Theo Baart
This very luminous house is hidden behind another building and it's not visible from the square. The only exterior walls are the lateral ones © Imre Csány DAph
Portrait of Mart Van Schijndel (1943-1999) © Gerhard Jaeger
Finding Van Schijndel house in the small Pieterskerkhof square, in Utrecht, Netherlands, is not easy, as villa is hidden behind another building designed by the same architect in 1995, three years after finishing the project for his own house where he lived until his death in 1999.
To better understand Van Schijndel house it is first necessary to make a basic point about Dutch residential architecture - most of Netherlands’ dwellings feature a ‘front house’, facing the street or the canal, and a ‘back house’ - the two are often divided by an indoor patio, allowing the light in despite the absence of windows on the side walls. Mart Van Schijndel (1943-1999) revolutionized this way of designing, removing the indoor patio and letting the light in trough side courtyards, slightly oblique to the building, to get maximum brightness.
The decision to build with such architectural constraints - relating to natural light - forces the architect to invent new solutions to new problems - for example, the ingenious opening mechanism of the double doors to the courtyard, intersecting at less than 90 degrees.
The house, conceived by the Dutch architect as a psychological self-portrait, won the Rietvel Award in 1995 and became the most recent municipal monument in Utrecht and in the entire country. "My house is just interiors" wrote the architect, who also designed the famous Delta Vaas.
The color of the walls, in pastel shades relating to natural light, was created by the architect himself, as well as the furniture: chairs, lamps, wall bookcases, and the kitchen unit, which doors are fixed only by silicone strips.
Poetic and literary references are very important to Van Schijndel's design which, in its minimalist style, blends Japanese inspirations and an almost Mediterranean use of light. The dwelling is part of Iconic Houses (an international network linking architecturally significant homes built from the 20th century and open to the public). Visits are available every first Sunday of the month by guided tour; reservation required.
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